There is a frustrating lack of available homes for sale in real estate markets around the country. Many would-be homeowners find themselves outbid again and again in ultra-competitive markets – despite offering to pay full, or even above asking price. The available housing stock is simply too low for the number of people actively searching for homes.
For this reason, many people are wondering, “is it cheaper to build your own home?” The answer to this question can be complicated, since each home is unique and costs vary widely by location. Here’s what you need to know.
Is it Cheaper to Buy or Build: By Square Footage
The average cost to build a home in the U.S. is $314,924 at an average of about $150 per square foot, according to Home Advisor’s data.
Meanwhile, the median cost of an existing home in the U.S. is $248,857, according to Zillow – but that’s with a median price per square foot of $153.
Based on the average home sale, it’s definitely cheaper to buy your home rather than build it. On the other hand, the price per square foot is fairly comparable – it’s just that most people opting for new homes want larger homes.
There’s a few other things you need to consider before making a decision, though.
Is it Cheaper to Buy or Build: By Location
It’s impossible to know exactly how much it will cost to build you home until you do your research. Why? States, counties and cities all have different rules and regulations when it comes to home building. Labor costs and the costs of building materials also vary widely by region.
“Builders add on all of state and county taxes and fees and pass them on to the buyer in the sales price,” notes DC-based buyer agent Jeannette Mitchell.
Hawaii, for example, has the highest cost for building a home – perhaps not surprisingly, it also has the highest estimated labor cost, at $27.01/hour. The cheapest state to build a home in is Oklahoma, and it has a corresponding lower average labor cost at $14.19/hour (source: GoBankingRates).
Of course, people living in states with more expensive homes often have higher average incomes, so these numbers aren’t necessarily as disparate as they seem.
And then there are states like California, which have more extensive building codes and standards that push the cost of new homes way above the national average.
Here is a ranking of all 50 states from most to least expensive building costs, so you can get a sense of what to expect.
Is it Cheaper to Buy or Build: By Materials
As noted, material costs differ by state. Current events, though, can also impact the price of materials.
“Just last week, NAHB (the National Association of Home Builders) announced that due to the wildfires out west, the average new construction home will cost $16,000 more,” explains Mitchell.
Ongoing trade disputes with China can push the cost of construction up as well thanks to numerous Chinese imports used in the home construction industry. In 2019, the NAHB said that home prices had gone up in many states as a result of economic sanctions on China.
“Currently, it is considerably cheaper to purchase an existing home versus building new,” says architect/homebuilder Michael Menn. “Since May of 2020, the cost of lumber has risen considerably. Additionally, the cost of labor and other building materials has risen due to COVID-19. Many manufacturing plants have closed, resulting in a significant shortage of building materials available.”
Is it Cheaper to Buy or Build: By Land
When you buy an existing home, the lot comes with it. But when you build a home, you need to buy the lot first.
Lot prices can range from $5,000 in rural areas, to $100,000 in urban areas where space is limited. If you’re looking for a lot in a popular neighborhood, your lot may have an existing “teardown” building on it, and you’ll need to figure in the cost of demolishing any existing or crumbling structure currently on the lot. According to Home Advisor, a complete demolition can cost up to $25,000, depending on complexity.
In other words, buying a lot in a metro area can greatly increase the cost of building your own home.
Is it Cheaper to Buy or Build: By Customization
There are three ways to build a new home.
- A production home is what is classically referred to as “cookie cutter” – the builder produces numerous models following the same blueprint.
- Many home developers offer personalized production homes – also known as semi-custom homes – which means that the builder has a variety of floor plans you can choose from, along with a number of personalized or upgrade options.
- A fully custom home is built from the ground up to your exact tastes.
“When building your own home, you generally have a lot more customization options, and sometimes even full freedom to have it built like you want,” explains Jesse Silkoff, Co-Founder and President of MyRoofingPal, an online marketplace that connects people to the best roofers across the country. “With that, though, comes the additional price tag as the builder still needs to profit, not to mention some material is harder to come by during the current pandemic, so that could increase the price or make some things unavailable. To reduce the costs of a new build, you can always opt for cheaper, readily available materials, or even recycled materials. You can also allow for a less time sensitive timeline.”
- Because a custom home is much more labor intensive, you will likely need to hire an architect and consult with your home builders extensively on the project; accordingly, the cost of a custom home can be nearly double the price of a production home. According to Fixr, the average cost of hiring an architect to fully design a 2,500 square foot home is $40,000.
- Because they’re mass produced – allowing builders to negotiate bulk deals with contractors – production homes are cheaper.
- Semi-custom homes may offer the best of both worlds, with reasonable prices and some personalization.
Homebuyers interested in new construction often preview their potential home by viewing a model home, but be prepared:
“Builders advertise the lowest price of the smallest model with no upgrades,” warns Mitchell. “The model home(s) that are available to see have many options that are not included in the base home price. Buyers should ask, “what exactly is included in the base price of this home?” Once you start adding in options to personalize the house, the price can go up by tens of thousands of dollars.”
Is it Cheaper to Buy or Build: By Future Maintenance
Not all costs can be calculated at the closing table. When you buy an existing home, you’re inevitably buying into a wide range of appliances and home features with a limited lifetime. Homeowners may eventually need to:
- Replace the old washer and dryer they inherited (cost: anywhere from $350 to $2,000)
- Fix old pipes (average cost of a burst pipe: $500)
- Pay for a new roof installation ($4,000 to $10,000 or more, depending on size)
And these are just a handful of examples.
While it’s possible the owner of a new home may have to deal with some of these problems, they have the advantage of starting out with a brand new home, with brand new appliances and features – so major maintenance issues may not crop up until decades later.
Another future cost to consider is energy efficiency. New homes are typically built with more efficient materials – whether that’s insulating double-paned windows or new refrigerators that use a fraction of the energy older models require. Older homes, by contrast, often leak heat during the winter and cool air during the summer, and have corresponding higher utility bills – and replacing your old windows with energy efficient ones costs thousands of dollars.
“Resale value when selling is the primary advantage [to building your home],” says George Sheaffer, owner of Virginia-based Sheaffer Construction. “Everything is in line with newer code standards, ensuring a stronger, energy-efficient, under-warranty (5 years) home. Plus, you have the bonus of building it the way you want.”
So: while new homes often have more upfront costs, you may benefit in the long run by lower utility bills, less money spent on expensive maintenance, and a better return on your investment when you eventually sell your home.
Is it Cheaper to Build a House: By Available Cash
As we’ve seen, it’s more expensive to build a house than to buy a house. However, it’s also more expensive in upfront costs.
- Although the traditional advice for buying an existing house is to put 20% down, plenty of buyers opt for 15%, 10%, or even 5% in some cases. How much money do you need to put down to build a house? According to Money Crashers, you should expect to pay 20% to 25% of the home’s value upfront for a construction loan.
- New home construction delays occur so frequently that you shouldn’t move forward with building a home unless you can be flexible about the move-in date. Labor shortages, weather, and material sourcing can all cause timeline delays. Having to stay longer in a hotel or Airbnb while you wait an extra month or two for your home’s construction to finish up can push up your initial costs.
So: Is it Cheaper to Build or Buy a House?
Data shows that overall, it costs more to build your own home when compared to a same-sized pre-existing house in the same market – though in the long run, homeowners of newer homes may have lower expenses and repair costs. If you’re willing to opt for a smaller new home, then you can potentially get away with spending a similar amount – and making more money when you go to resell it.
Mari Rogers is an experienced content manager specializing in real estate. She provides valuable perspectives on the latest trends and news in the field. In the moments she’s not imagining the possibilities of every derelict property on Realtor.com, she’s hanging out with her longtime (feline) companion Olivia Benson.